Finishing is concerned with the improvement of the hand and appearance of a product so as to boost its common outlook and maximize its marketability potentials. It is essential that Leatherwork articles are finished in any of the accepted finishing techniques to heighten their design and aesthetic qualities. There are numerous appropriate techniques via which leather products will be finished. Some of these strategies are burnishing, waxing, polishing, spraying, texturing, patenting. using conditioners, soaps, and cleaners.
This is a decorative process in which a smooth surface/tool is rubbed over the surface of the leather to produce a sheen. The leather is placed on a hard surface. Then a blunt, smooth tool, for example, Stone, bottle, bulb, spoon, marble or some smooth, hard object is used to rub over the surface of the leather on the grain side to produce a shiny effect. This is done by starting from a point and working gradually to all parts of the leather till a uniform sheen is produced. By this process, the tough surface of the leather and any wrinkles are smoothed or polished. This is completed by rigorously rubbing the surface of leather with a device similar to a bone folder, plastic or wooden burnishing wheel, stone, bottle, metal spoon etc. to go away a fine shiny, shiny or smooth appearance.
This finishing technique includes the application of wax to improve the surface quality, hardness, and water resistant ability of the leather item. The application of the wax might be carried out by the use of brush or foam to give a shiny effect to the leather product.
This finishing approach also goals at improving the surface quality of leather products. Polish in the type of abrasives with varying colors and polishing liquors like lacquer or varnish are utilized with either hard bristle brushes or foam to improve the surface quality of leather items. Typically wax is used to reinforce the surface quality of the leather.
This is the application of polishing liquors like varnish or lacquer on leather items by means of spray weapons or diffusers that spill the polishing agents in fine bits or dots on the leather item to improve its surface quality. Spraying avoids the brush strokes that sometimes mar the perfect application of the polishing liquors.
This is achieved by way of dyes, acrylics, and different coloring agents by incising, stamping, printing, spraying etc. These are utilized in creating patterns or textures on the grain side of the leather for decorative purposes.
This is the application of lacquer or varnishes in layers on the leather to give the surface a waterproof effect and make the surface very shiny.
7. Utilizing Conditioners
Leather conditioners soften and nourish the leather while providing a protective coating over the leather. This assists the leather to be able to withstand scuffing and shade fade. It gives the surface luster to leather after polishing. Examples and conditioners, their functions and application have been mentioned below.
i. Saddler's wax- It nourishes, cleans and polishes leather. It's used totally on saddles, boots, and handbags. It can be utilized with the fingers, a bit of cloth, a brush or a damp sponge.
ii. Melo wax- It's used for cleaning, polishing and softening smooth grained leather. It may be utilized with a cloth or the fingers, allowed to dry after which polished with a soft cloth.
iii. Kiwi leather conditioner- It cleans, mellows, softens and preserves smooth grained leather. It may be applied with a fabric or the fingers, allowed to dry after which polished gently.
iv. Shoe Cream- It nourishes, cleans and softens leather. It's used on belts, handbags, billfolds, watch bands, bracelets, hair ornaments, etc. It can be applied with the fingers, a bit of material, a brush or a damp sponge.
v. Lexol- It makes the leather supple and provides a durable preservative finish. It is applied in thin coats by means of sponge, a piece of cloth or the fingers. It's allowed to soak in for about ten minutes earlier than it is applied.
vi. Vaseline petroleum jelly- It softens the leather, brings back its colour and provide a protective coating to assist the leather resist scuffing. It's applied with the fingers. It's allowed to dry a bit for 15-20 minutes after which wiped off with a soft cloth. It is mostly used on belts and handbags.
8. Using Soaps and Cleaners
Soaps and cleaners are additionally glorious finishes which might be used to clean and protect the surface of leather. It's applied with a wet sponge or brush. After its application, it is wiped with a dry cloth and then polished to a soft luster. Examples include Kiwi soaps, Belvoir glycerine soaps, Belmont soaps, Propert soaps, Castile soaps and Blue Ribbon soaps.
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